Florence Agreement 1996

The original objective of negotiating a differentiated regional arms control agreement had to be abandoned due to opposition from some States. Nevertheless, the outcome document provides a framework for strengthening confidence- and security-building measures in border regions and regions between all Balkan and neighbouring countries, but on a voluntary basis. A commission composed of representatives of the participating States oversees the implementation of the voluntary measures and informs the OSCE Security Cooperation Forum (FSC) and the Permanent Council of Activities. The implementation of Article IV was defined in the Florence Agreement of 14 June 1996. It sets ceilings for five categories of armament (battle tanks, armoured vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and helicopter gunships) for former belligerents. The documents covered by the contract include printed books, newspapers, magazines, government publications, printed music, works of art, antiques more than 100 years old, scientific instruments used in education or research, and educational films. The agreement does not apply to materials containing excessive amounts of promotional material. [1] Several years after World War II, Europe experienced the largest concentration of armed forces and weapons ever known in peacetime. In the early 1970s, as relations between the opposing military blocs (NATO) and the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) improved, this became possible. The Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials (also known as the Florence Agreement) is a 1950 UNESCO treaty in which States undertake not to impose customs duties on certain imported educational, scientific and cultural materials. The Regional Arms Control Verification and Implementation Assistance Centre (RACVIAC) in Zagreb was established in 2000 at the initiative of Germany as a German-Croatian project under the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe. The initial focus was on strengthening security and confidence in South-Eastern Europe and, in particular, on training verification personnel to implement the Dayton Peace Agreement.

However, it quickly became a regional forum for dialogue on all regional security issues, offering seminars and training in three areas: cooperative security, security sector reform and international cooperation. It has thus become a well-established player and is making an important contribution to building confidence in the region. . . .

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